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Saturday, 4 February 2017




Today is world cancer day.
The saying "Prevention is better than cure" is very true. Though many kinds of cancer don't have a cure as at today, there are measures that we can take to prevent and screen for various cancer types.

I would like to discuss amongst the many cancer screening tests, the Pap test. 

Pap test is a screening test for cervical cancer. This procedure is performed to detect precancerous cell changes on the cells taken from the cervix or vagina. If changes are detected in the cell samples and not treated appropriately, it can become cervical cancer.
This test is recommended for women between the ages of 21 to 65 years old. 

To ensure you have a proper Pap test screening. You should avoid doing any of the following, about two days before the test:
1. Do not use a tampon.
2. Do not use a birth control foam, jelly or cream.
3. Do not have sex.
4. Do not douche i.e washing your vagina with antiseptic solutions or any other fluid.
5. Do not use any medicine or cream in your vagina. 
Most importantly, you shouldn't have a Pap test when you are on your period.
Together we can fight cancer, remember early detection saves lives.

Love,
Prisca.
0

Tuesday, 26 July 2016



When we are young, we feel indestructible and feel like we have enough energy to take over the world, so we use our bodies to do whatever we can, thinking “when I get older, I’d take better care of myself”.  Other people indulge in lifestyles that are not healthy just because “if one thing doesn’t kill you, something else will”. 


More often than not, by doing this, we are building the foundations for diseases that will plague us in the future, when we are finally ready to relax and enjoy life with your family at a slower pace. For us to have a long and healthy life, it is important for us to make our bodies as healthy as possible from now by choosing a better lifestyle and developing healthy habits that will be easy for us to maintain when we are older. Some of the most important steps to take for longevity and good health include the following:

Take care of your stomach. Junk food, alcohol, fast food and fatty foods should be greatly reduced or removed from your diet and replaced by healthier options like fruits and vegetables. Also, try to make it a habit of drinking water regularly during the day, as opposed to drinking soft drinks.
Exercise, Exercise, Exercise: This is one of the most important things to promote a healthy life. As we grow older, our body parts and organs tend to operate less efficiently; Exercise will help to keep our blood moving and our organs functioning at optimum productivity.
Don't worry, be happy:Hypertension and high blood pressure that don’t come about congenitally are caused when people worry about everything. As you grow older, try to let go of the unimportant things and focus on what really matters. In addition to being happier, you are helping your body age slower.
Get familiar with your doctor: Don’t avoid getting checkups because you feel you are healthy, or because you are afraid of what the doctor might find. Make your checkups regular and do not hesitate to contact your doctor when you find something that you feel is unusual. Early detection can be the difference between life and death.

read also; how to understand-your-menstrual-cycle.
Give yourself a break: If you feel like life is getting to you, it’s always great to take a break from life as you know it- take a trip to somewhere you have always wanted to, or to somewhere you know you can get the rest that you deserve.
Life is beautiful, especially when you have you are healthy; so learn about all the other ways to take care of your body so that the ones that love you can have you around for a long time.

Kindly share this post, if you enjoyed it and remember to subscribe to our newsletter.


                                             AUTHOR'S BIO

Samuel Igwe is the founder of loudtips.com, He is a Nigerian Blogger, also a Web developer and a Business student who was educated at the polytechnic of Ogun state institute of Technology, where he bags a Degree of NATIONAL DIPLOMA and CISCO CERT in Business Administration and presently a post graduate student at the same polytechnic for HIGHER NATIONAL DIPLOMA. He loves helping people and having fun from this responsive resource blog of Web development, Blogging tips, SEO, Make money online and Business tips for you.


3

Monday, 18 July 2016


What to expect when you are expecting is definitely one of my favourite movies..just thinking aloud.

Pregnant women, mothers and future mothers in the house say heyyy

There are different methods you can use to calculate your expected date of delivery (EDD or EDC), but I will be discussing the method that involves the knowledge of your menstrual cycle. Usually, it is called the pregnancy wheel.

It is very easy and short. Before I proceed, let me explain what an expected date of delivery. EDD is the date when a pregnant woman is expected to experience contractions indicating spontaneous onset of labour, this means that she is ready to put to bed.

Do you know the best time to take your medications

First of all,

· Write the first day of your last menstrual period (LMP),

· Add 9 months and 7 days (280 days) to the date.

· The new date gives helps you to estimate your EED.

For example,
if first day of your LMP is July 18th, 2016, add 7 days to make it July 25th then add 9 months to make your EDD april 25th, 2017.

For you to be able to use this method, you must having an understanding of your menstrual cycle and you should be able to remember your last menstrual cycle correctly.

Please note that sometimes, this date might not be your exact delivery date. It could be about two weeks before or after the date you get.

Kindly share the post, if you enjoyed and do not forget to subscribe to our newsletter.

Love,
Prisca.






5

Sunday, 10 July 2016



How does the timing of our medication affect its effectiveness? Does timing affect how your medications work especially in relation to the time you take your meals?The fact is that there is more to taking your medications than remembering when to take them.

Most of us are still holding on to one of the strict rule that our mothers and grand mothers enforced on us. Which is “eat before you take your medications.” 

How correct is this rule or statement?

There is more to taking your medications than remembering just to take them at all.

Many people are confused about the right time to take their medications and some do not even know that when you take their medications matter especially in relation to meal time.

Should tablets be taken before, during, or after meals?


There is no general rule about what time to take your drugs in relation to your meal times. However, some are best taken after food, others are more effective when taken before meal.

There are different reasons some drugs are taken after food, some of these reasons include:

1. In order to reduce effects of nausea and vomiting.

2. These drugs could cause gastric irritation, inflammation, ulcer in the absence of food, they are therefore easier to tolerate in the presence of food.

3. The absorption rate of the drug into the blood stream is increased in the presence of food.

4. To ensure that the medicine is not washed away in the mouth. 

There are different reasons some drugs are taken after food, some of these reasons include:

1. In order to reduce effects of nausea and vomiting.

2. These drugs could cause gastric irritation, inflammation, ulcer in the absence of food, they are therefore easier to tolerate in the presence of food.

3. The absorption rate of the drug into the blood stream is increased in the presence of food.

4. To ensure that the medicine is not washed away in the mouth. 

Read also: how-often-should-you-deworm-yourself

The medications that are prescribed to be taken before food, also their rate of absorption may be higher on an empty stomach

To explain further I will cite some examples

1. Aspirin and other anti inflammatory drugs are best taken after meals are best taken after food.

2. Allopurinol is best taken after meal to reduce effects of nausea and vomiting.

3. Formulations such as mouthwashes, liquid nystatin and miconazole gel for oral thrush or mouth ulcers must be used after meals. This is because eating food washes the medicine away too quickly.

4. Omeprazole is best taken before food to control the secretion of stomach acid after the meal.

It is therefore important that you always practice the following:

1. Try to follow all the instructions the prescriber gave you on how and when to take your medicines.

2. Remember to tell the pharmacists about any other medicines you are taking. Some of them might affect the effectiveness of the new one and other might need to be taken at different times. The administration of antacids and other oral medicines are usually spaced.

3. Do not take the decision on your own to wrap your medicine inside “eba” or any other food. Do not chew either for any reason unless your doctor or pharmacist tells you to. All these actions affect the effectiveness of your medications. 

Read also: understand-your-menstrual-cycle.html

4. Ask your pharmacist what you are to do in cases when you forget to take one dose of your medicine.

5. Read the leaflet in the pack of any medication that you are about to take. In cases, where you do not understand anything there, ask your pharmacist or doctor.

6. It is safe to stay away from drinking alcoholic drinks when you are on medications.

The next time someone tells you to take your medicines compulsorily after food, be sure to remind them of what you have learnt.

Kindly share the post with your friends, and also subscribe to our newsletter.

Have a lovely week ahead.

Love.
Prisca.













3

Saturday, 2 July 2016



Hey guys, i know this is a bit different from what i write on. But i wrote it myself during one of those moments and decided to share. Hope you enjoy it.

Introduction

He looked up at me and said: “Aunty, but it is just a few cents.”

At that moment, I knew we had a lot of work to do as far as my 9 years old nephew was concerned.

My sweet nephew, Frank was a very obedient body but on this blessed day a family friend saw him walking along the street then gave him some some to get chocolate for himself. Hurriedly with excitement, he rushed down to the store to get chocolate and coincidentally I was there.

Then, I told him that the proper thing to do when someone gives you money was to show your parents first in order for them to express their gratitude later on to the person. Of course, he queried my judgement saying it was just little money and there was nothing wrong if he eventually forgets to tell his mom and dad.

Finally, after I spent some time explaining it to him he understood, and the incident never repeated itself. This happened over a year ago.



"Knowing your manners carries you through your life. It makes you more comfortable in interviews and in social situations where you might already be nervous,"
The teaching of Etiquettes might be declining gradually, I believe this contribute to some of the uncultured behavior we see among youths todays. The fact that it is not taught in most schools further amplies the problem.

Let's not confuse traditional behaviours with good manners. The definition of etiquette is gender neutral - it simply means we strive at all times to ensure a person in our company feels at ease.- Lynn Coady.

Etiquette is a standard set of acceptable social behavior, like formal rules for polite behavior in a society or in a particular group. The last part of that statement “society or particular group” is very important as etiquettes are culturally bound i.e what is deemed fit in one society may not be acceptable in another.

Why is the knowledge of proper etiquette important?

· helps you to fit better into the society

· makes those around you in gatherings more comfortable

· gives you the assurance that you can handle any kind of situation that comes your way with ease because you have prepared for them.

· To create an everlasting first impression

· Teaches you the way to talk

· Makes you a cultured individual

· To be proper and respectful in multiple scenarios

Etiquette is not about making yourself look good but making other people feel comfortable.

Children might not always demonstrate what they have learned, but at least they know what they should do, and they are equipped to step up to the plate if they need to.

Confidence, one of the most sought after skills, admired by many but possessed by few. Youths that struggle with their social life usually end up being mediocre and battle with their self image and esteem,always wishing that they are just like somebody else and the other person wishes he also was like someone else, but the truth is you shouldn’t be in competition with anybody, you should only strive to become the best version of yourself.

How do you achieve a strong power of self with an overwhelming self esteem? Simple, cultivate your being with a sense of style and attitude.

My style has changed and evolved mainly because I have grown to have more confidence in myself – Kelvin Durant

Style is like an outward expression of personality while attitude is an inward thought that wiggles its way out.

Style should be unique to every individual. It is defined as your manner of doing or presenting things. Most people usually assume that style has to do only with fashion, this is wrong as one’s style cuts across every area of their life as seen in art, fashion, music, writing.

Your style is reflected in the way you talk, your dress sense, your response to compliments, the kind of music that you totally love.

So many factors can contribute to your kind of style starting from your environment

Attitude is a feeling or way of thinking that affects a person's behavior, the way you think and feel about someone or something which in turn affects your outward presentation and personality. it is very common to hear a statement like “Don’t get my personality and my attitude twisted, because my personality is me, and my attitude depends on you!” this further explains that our attitude reflects our thoughts which then displays in our behavior.

It is very important for us to always enlighten people on the power of positive attitude towards life as it makes dreams come true.

Your attitude towards an somebody affects your behaviour toward the person without you even realising what you are doing. It affects your body language that is why you see someone telling you that he is saying the truth but his head is moving sideways at that moment. This tells us that it is better then to have a positive attitude towards people and things, this will make us more confident and comfortable when we are with others.

We will be discussing the relationship between your style and attitude and the ABCD principles of Etiquette as it relates specifically to Young Diplomats referring to ages 5-7, the little Ambassadors who are between 8-12 years and our just teens, tackling ages 13-17.

ABCD of etiquette stands for A- appearance B- behavior C- communication D- dinning.

amazing-uses-of-vaseline.

Kindly answer true or false to the following sentences.

1. It is totally okay for me to call my mom’s friend by her first name.

2. My dad offered to buy me candy when we were in the supermarket, but I wanted biscuit instead so I told him outrightly to buy biscuits instead of candy.

3. When I am done eating on the dinning table, I leave my plates there for my mom to take them to the kitchen.

4. It is good for me to walk up to the new student in my class and introduce myself to her.

5. A friend invites you for her birthday party, you already know that you will not be available on that day. So you say “I will try” then few days to the party, you finally call to cancel.

6. When talking with my friends, I should always use the word thank you and sorry

7. There is nothing wrong in texting my friend while I am eating.

8. I always show my parents any gifts or money given to me by our family friends.



Answers

1. False. It is not cool if you call your mom’s friend by her first name, unless of course she insists on you calling her that.

2. False. Next time when your dad or anyother person offers to buy you candy but you want chocolate you should say: Thank you daddy, but I will prefer biscuits.

3. false. Do not leave your places on the table after eating at home. Even if you are too young to do the dishes, you should assist by going to drop your plates in the kitchen.

4. True. Going to talk to a new pupil in your class is a very kind thing to do. It makes the person feel at ease and also shows how confident that you are.

5. False. It is better to decline an invitation politely than to make the host waste her time and money planning for you.

6. True. You should always use the words: thank you and sorry when you are with not just your friends but people generally.

7. False. Texting while you are eating is not a good dinning etiquette. You could even choke on the food.

8. true. This is a wonderful habit to cultivate. Your parents already provide all your needs therefore always endeavour to show your parents so that they can thank their friends.

How well did you do in the test? If you did well, kudos. If you didn’t, don’t worry after reading this book you will know better.

Thank you for joining me as we advocate towards creating a life that you really love.



COMMUNICATION ETIQUETTE

Make these three words a part of your everyday communication: thank you, excuse me and sorry. If you bump into someone, say sorry. The constant use of these words and other kind languages gives you a very good self image and could save you a whole lot of trouble.

I divided this aspect to further explain basic communication skills in different scenerios and situations. Communication skills involve both the spoken and unspoken words called body language.


Tone: Always mind your mind when you are conversing with other people. Use a kind and polite tone at all times. “I do not know,” “I cannot tell,” are the most harmless words possible, and may yet be rendered very offensive by the tone and manner in which they are pronounced.



1. ETIQUETTE FOR INITITIATING AND MAINTAINING A CONVERSATION

Ability to start and keep a conversation going is a social skill.

Meeting somebody for the first time or being introduced by a mutual friend is your chance to make a good first impression as you don’t get that twice. Introduce yourself with confidence and a smile on your face. You should try this: Hello, my name is …., it is nice to meet you. And when they ask how you are doing, tell them and ask how they are also doing.

During the course of the conversation, whether it is with a new friend or an acquaintance, you should try to observe the following: Do not cut the person short while he/she is still talking by interrupting them, just because the other person’s opinion is different from yours doesn’t give you the right to critizise the person also do not give sharp and short answers if you intend to keep the conversation going.

Learn to also be interesting and know one or two jokes that you can always say during some silent moments that could arise.

2. TELEPHONE ETIQUETTE

It is nice to be important but also important to be nice to people especially on phone. When answering a phone call, the first thing you should do is exchange pleasantries with the person on the other end of the phone.

You should use words like: “Good morning, please who is on the line?” but when you are the one that called the other person you should say: “Good morning, My name is James, please I would like to speak to Sam” for instance. This sounds very polite, pleasant and courteous.

Also when you are answering a phone call in public places it is only polite that you don’t raise your voice.

3. ETIQUETTE FOR REPRIMANDING AND COUNSELING

· Begin talk with praise and honest appreciation

· Use encouragement

· Make the fault seem easy to correct

· Ask questions instead of giving direct orders

· Talk about your own mistakes before criticizing the other person

· Make the other person happy about doing the thing you suggest.

Remember to always keep personal conversations and arguments off social networking sites. The dramatic airing of grievances is best done through text messages.


 DINING

Observing basic etiquettes at dinner is the key to having a great time with your friends and loved ones. A lot of people say no to lunch or dinner invite even social gathering invites because they are scared that they will make a mockery of themselves. These dining etiquette will teach you how to properly behave when having a meal with friends.

It is always beautiful when we look forward to having a nice time with our friends at gatherings but lets not be carried away in the excitement and forget to say hello to the host when we arrive and when we are about to take our leave. Also, remember not to start eating before your host, it is necessary not to rush eating your food not just for good etiquette purpose alone but you really get to enjoy the taste of the food and know when you are filled up, this is opposed to what happens when you are rushing the food.

Then, I must not forget to mention that while eating with a group of people and you need something that is across the table, gently ask someone to help you get it instead of stretching your hands across the table. Talking with your mouth full is not a very nice thing to do, remember to chew with your mouth closed, keep your elbows off of the table while eating; wash your hands after going to the restroom and excuse yourself if you need to leave the table for any reason.

you-dont-have-to-be-rich-to-have a flawless skin


B. APPEARANCE

“The problem with appearance is that it translates to performance”

Your appearance is the way you look. It says a lot about your personality, position, style, taste and habits. From your head to your toe, anything at all that concerns the body such as your posture, your dressing, your body language.

The way you appear makes the first impression even before you open your mouth to say anything. People around you have already formed an idea of the kind of person that you are. They might be wrong no doubt, what lies behind appearance is usually another appearance but that is one of our nature as humans. Giving off a wrong vibe due to how you look might even take a very long time to correct it in some people’s mind where it has made an indelible mark.

Apperance is greatly influenced by your kind of style.



1. Dressing.

Rule: In the absence of a dress code, go for a neat low key appearance that presents you in a positive way.

Remember the saying dress how you want to be addressed.

Choose your outfit based on the type of activity, location, and weather. If you are still not sure, it is OK to call the host and ask. It is important at all times to have in mind what is appropriate for an occasion. Just dress to fit the occasion, this does not in any way deprive you of your individual style because you could find your way around the rules and come out with something very unique.

Always remember the following tips when dressing up: do not wear torn clothes, Make sure your clothes fit, Your clothes should be neat, your hair should be nicely combed at all times, and your breath should be fresh.



2. Posture

Imagine that you are walking along your street with your mother and you see two of your mom’s friend. The first one was walking sluggishly with her bent down and she was even dragging her feet but the second was walking smartly with her shoulders held high. Amongst these two women, who would you rather pick as a role model?

I am sure that you will go for the second lady who was walking confidently with her held up. The posture you assume at all her times speaks a lot about you. You should always endeavour at all times to arrange your body parts in a genuine good posture.

Attaining a good posture, like every other good things takes effort on your part. Not to worry, you will be so glad you did. Endeavour at all times to walk with your shoulders held high and your eyes front and sit with your back well positioned on the chair so that you don’t slump.

Your posture is an outward representation of your feeling or attitude and like I mentioned before, fantastic stable postures can be attained over time as a result of one's lifestyle and orientation.







C. BEHAVIOUR

It is required of you at all times to be polite, kind and nice to everybody around you.

The true aim of politeness, is to make those with whom you associate with as satisfied with themselves as possible. Politeness is a sort of social benevolence, which avoids wounding the pride, or shocking the prejudices of those around you.



Lets talk about some of the basic behaviours we can exhibit to reflect kindness and politeness at all times. They include:



· Always ask yourself, "What is the kindest way possible of doing this thing?"

· Open the door and invite the guests in, smile and be welcoming.

· If you want to invite a friend for a sleepover, get permission from both parents first. And when your friend arrives, introduce the person to your parents.

· When you stay over at a friend’s place, let your friend's parents know exactly when you will be leaving and how you will be getting home and invite your friend to your house also.

· Remember to respond to invitations to make planning easy for the host.

· When you see an elderly person or a physically challenged person in need of a seat kindly give up yours.

· Sitting with your feet up on the seats is a sloppy and disgusting habit, people have to sit there and obviously the soles of your shoes really are very dirty.

· Always send thank you notes back to show appreciation for gifts received.

· Don’t eat on public transport is messy and not necessary, the smell of can be quite stomach churning to other passengers.

· Don’t bully other kids, is cowardly and do not let others do it to you, stand up for yourself. 12. By the same token, don't be bullied. Be polite, remember your manners and stand up for yourself.

· Open the door for others. Allow adults to go through first while you hold the door open for them and If you do enter first, don't let the door slam in the face of those behind you.

Etiquette is not always about us but about making people around us comfortable.



Youth etiquette: Cultivate your being with style and attitude



Introduction

He looked up at me and said: “Aunty, but it is just a few cents.”

At that moment, I knew we had a lot of work to do as far as my 9 years old nephew was concerned.

My sweet nephew, Frank was a very obedient body but on this blessed day a family friend saw him walking along the street then gave him some some to get chocolate for himself. Hurriedly with excitement, he rushed down to the store to get chocolate and coincidentally I was there.

Then, I told him that the proper thing to do when someone gives you money was to show your parents first in order for them to express their gratitude later on to the person. Of course, he queried my judgement saying it was just little money and there was nothing wrong if he eventually forgets to tell his mom and dad.

Finally, after I spent some time explaining it to him he understood, and the incident never repeated itself. This happened over a year ago.



"Knowing your manners carries you through your life. It makes you more comfortable in interviews and in social situations where you might already be nervous," said Richardson, of Glen Ellyn, who grew up in a Naperville home where manners were taught and used

The teaching of Etiquettes might be declining gradually, I believe this contribute to some of the uncultured behavior we see among youths todays. The fact that it is not taught in most schools further amplies the problem.

Let's not confuse traditional behaviours with good manners. The definition of etiquette is gender neutral - it simply means we strive at all times to ensure a person in our company feels at ease.- Lynn Coady.

Etiquette is a standard set of acceptable social behavior, like formal rules for polite behavior in a society or in a particular group. The last part of that statement “society or particular group” is very important as etiquettes are culturally bound i.e what is deemed fit in one society may not be acceptable in another.

Why is the knowledge of proper etiquette important?

· helps you to fit better into the society

· makes those around you in gatherings more comfortable

· gives you the assurance that you can handle any kind of situation that comes your way with ease because you have prepared for them.

· To create an everlasting first impression

· Teaches you the way to talk

· Makes you a cultured individual

· To be proper and respectful in multiple scenarios

Etiquette is not about making yourself look good but making other people feel comfortable.

Children might not always demonstrate what they have learned, but at least they know what they should do, and they are equipped to step up to the plate if they need to.

Confidence, one of the most sought after skills, admired by many but possessed by few. Youths that struggle with their social life usually end up being mediocre and battle with their self image and esteem,always wishing that they are just like somebody else and the other person wishes he also was like someone else, but the truth is you shouldn’t be in competition with anybody, you should only strive to become the best version of yourself.

How do you achieve a strong power of self with an overwhelming self esteem? Simple, cultivate your being with a sense of style and attitude.

My style has changed and evolved mainly because I have grown to have more confidence in myself – Kelvin Durant

Style is like an outward expression of personality while attitude is an inward thought that wiggles its way out.

Style should be unique to every individual. It is defined as your manner of doing or presenting things. Most people usually assume that style has to do only with fashion, this is wrong as one’s style cuts across every area of their life as seen in art, fashion, music, writing.

Your style is reflected in the way you talk, your dress sense, your response to compliments, the kind of music that you totally love.

So many factors can contribute to your kind of style starting from your environment

Attitude is a feeling or way of thinking that affects a person's behavior, the way you think and feel about someone or something which in turn affects your outward presentation and personality. it is very common to hear a statement like “Don’t get my personality and my attitude twisted, because my personality is me, and my attitude depends on you!” this further explains that our attitude reflects our thoughts which then displays in our behavior.

It is very important for us to always enlighten people on the power of positive attitude towards life as it makes dreams come true.

Your attitude towards an somebody affects your behaviour toward the person without you even realising what you are doing. It affects your body language that is why you see someone telling you that he is saying the truth but his head is moving sideways at that moment. This tells us that it is better then to have a positive attitude towards people and things, this will make us more confident and comfortable when we are with others.

We will be discussing the relationship between your style and attitude and the ABCD principles of Etiquette as it relates specifically to Young Diplomats referring to ages 5-7, the little Ambassadors who are between 8-12 years and our just teens, tackling ages 13-17.

ABCD of etiquette stands for A- appearance B- behavior C- communication D- dinning.

In this book, you will learn basic social skills about these four principles. Communication skills required in different scenarios such as when on the phone, when you are talking to an older person are discussed in detailed.

Then, Appearance in terms of how you should look and the ways to attain a good posture that reflects confidence is also discussed.

Also, Basic dining rules to observe when you are hosted and when you host others are discussed. Finally, the kinds of habits and behavior expected of you are also discussed.



Kindly answer true or false to the following sentences.

1. It is totally okay for me to call my mom’s friend by her first name.

2. My dad offered to buy me candy when we were in the supermarket, but I wanted biscuit instead so I told him outrightly to buy biscuits instead of candy.

3. When I am done eating on the dinning table, I leave my plates there for my mom to take them to the kitchen.

4. It is good for me to walk up to the new student in my class and introduce myself to her.

5. A friend invites you for her birthday party, you already know that you will not be available on that day. So you say “I will try” then few days to the party, you finally call to cancel.

6. When talking with my friends, I should always use the word thank you and sorry

7. There is nothing wrong in texting my friend while I am eating.

8. I always show my parents any gifts or money given to me by our family friends.



Answers

1. False. It is not cool if you call your mom’s friend by her first name, unless of course she insists on you calling her that.

2. False. Next time when your dad or anyother person offers to buy you candy but you want chocolate you should say: Thank you daddy, but I will prefer biscuits.

3. false. Do not leave your places on the table after eating at home. Even if you are too young to do the dishes, you should assist by going to drop your plates in the kitchen.

4. True. Going to talk to a new pupil in your class is a very kind thing to do. It makes the person feel at ease and also shows how confident that you are.

5. False. It is better to decline an invitation politely than to make the host waste her time and money planning for you.

6. True. You should always use the words: thank you and sorry when you are with not just your friends but people generally.

7. False. Texting while you are eating is not a good dinning etiquette. You could even choke on the food.

8. true. This is a wonderful habit to cultivate. Your parents already provide all your needs therefore always endeavour to show your parents so that they can thank their friends.

How well did you do in the test? If you did well, kudos. If you didn’t, don’t worry after reading this book you will know better.

Thank you for joining me as we advocate towards creating a life that you really love.

COMMUNICATION ETIQUETTE

Make these three words a part of your everyday communication: thank you, excuse me and sorry. If you bump into someone, say sorry. The constant use of these words and other kind languages gives you a very good self image and could save you a whole lot of trouble.



I divided this aspect to further explain basic communication skills in different scenerios and situations. Communication skills involve both the spoken and unspoken words called body language.



Tone: Always mind your mind when you are conversing with other people. Use a kind and polite tone at all times. “I do not know,” “I cannot tell,” are the most harmless words possible, and may yet be rendered very offensive by the tone and manner in which they are pronounced.



1. ETIQUETTE FOR INITITIATING AND MAINTAINING A CONVERSATION

Ability to start and keep a conversation going is a social skill.

Meeting somebody for the first time or being introduced by a mutual friend is your chance to make a good first impression as you don’t get that twice. Introduce yourself with confidence and a smile on your face. You should try this: Hello, my name is …., it is nice to meet you. And when they ask how you are doing, tell them and ask how they are also doing.

During the course of the conversation, whether it is with a new friend or an acquaintance, you should try to observe the following: Do not cut the person short while he/she is still talking by interrupting them, just because the other person’s opinion is different from yours doesn’t give you the right to critizise the person also do not give sharp and short answers if you intend to keep the conversation going.

Learn to also be interesting and know one or two jokes that you can always say during some silent moments that could arise.

2. TELEPHONE ETIQUETTE

It is nice to be important but also important to be nice to people especially on phone. When answering a phone call, the first thing you should do is exchange pleasantries with the person on the other end of the phone.

You should use words like: “Good morning, please who is on the line?” but when you are the one that called the other person you should say: “Good morning, My name is James, please I would like to speak to Sam” for instance. This sounds very polite, pleasant and courteous.

Also when you are answering a phone call in public places it is only polite that you don’t raise your voice.

3. ETIQUETTE FOR REPRIMANDING AND COUNSELING

· Begin talk with praise and honest appreciation

· Use encouragement

· Make the fault seem easy to correct

· Ask questions instead of giving direct orders

· Talk about your own mistakes before criticizing the other person

· Make the other person happy about doing the thing you suggest.



Remember to always keep personal conversations and arguments off social networking sites. The dramatic airing of grievances is best done through text messages.


 DINING

Observing basic etiquettes at dinner is the key to having a great time with your friends and loved ones. A lot of people say no to lunch or dinner invite even social gathering invites because they are scared that they will make a mockery of themselves. These dining etiquette will teach you how to properly behave when having a meal with friends.

It is always beautiful when we look forward to having a nice time with our friends at gatherings but lets not be carried away in the excitement and forget to say hello to the host when we arrive and when we are about to take our leave. Also, remember not to start eating before your host, it is necessary not to rush eating your food not just for good etiquette purpose alone but you really get to enjoy the taste of the food and know when you are filled up, this is opposed to what happens when you are rushing the food.

Then, I must not forget to mention that while eating with a group of people and you need something that is across the table, gently ask someone to help you get it instead of stretching your hands across the table. Talking with your mouth full is not a very nice thing to do, remember to chew with your mouth closed, keep your elbows off of the table while eating; wash your hands after going to the restroom and excuse yourself if you need to leave the table for any reason.



B. APPEARANCE

“The problem with appearance is that it translates to performance”

Your appearance is the way you look. It says a lot about your personality, position, style, taste and habits. From your head to your toe, anything at all that concerns the body such as your posture, your dressing, your body language.

The way you appear makes the first impression even before you open your mouth to say anything. People around you have already formed an idea of the kind of person that you are. They might be wrong no doubt, what lies behind appearance is usually another appearance but that is one of our nature as humans. Giving off a wrong vibe due to how you look might even take a very long time to correct it in some people’s mind where it has made an indelible mark.

Apperance is greatly influenced by your kind of style.



1. Dressing.

Rule: In the absence of a dress code, go for a neat low key appearance that presents you in a positive way.

Remember the saying dress how you want to be addressed.

Choose your outfit based on the type of activity, location, and weather. If you are still not sure, it is OK to call the host and ask. It is important at all times to have in mind what is appropriate for an occasion. Just dress to fit the occasion, this does not in any way deprive you of your individual style because you could find your way around the rules and come out with something very unique.

Always remember the following tips when dressing up: do not wear torn clothes, Make sure your clothes fit, Your clothes should be neat, your hair should be nicely combed at all times, and your breath should be fresh.



2. Posture

Imagine that you are walking along your street with your mother and you see two of your mom’s friend. The first one was walking sluggishly with her bent down and she was even dragging her feet but the second was walking smartly with her shoulders held high. Amongst these two women, who would you rather pick as a role model?

I am sure that you will go for the second lady who was walking confidently with her held up. The posture you assume at all her times speaks a lot about you. You should always endeavour at all times to arrange your body parts in a genuine good posture.

Attaining a good posture, like every other good things takes effort on your part. Not to worry, you will be so glad you did. Endeavour at all times to walk with your shoulders held high and your eyes front and sit with your back well positioned on the chair so that you don’t slump.

Your posture is an outward representation of your feeling or attitude and like I mentioned before, fantastic stable postures can be attained over time as a result of one's lifestyle and orientation.


 BEHAVIOUR

It is required of you at all times to be polite, kind and nice to everybody around you.

The true aim of politeness, is to make those with whom you associate with as satisfied with themselves as possible. Politeness is a sort of social benevolence, which avoids wounding the pride, or shocking the prejudices of those around you.



Lets talk about some of the basic behaviours we can exhibit to reflect kindness and politeness at all times. They include:



· Always ask yourself, "What is the kindest way possible of doing this thing?"

· Open the door and invite the guests in, smile and be welcoming.

· If you want to invite a friend for a sleepover, get permission from both parents first. And when your friend arrives, introduce the person to your parents.

· When you stay over at a friend’s place, let your friend's parents know exactly when you will be leaving and how you will be getting home and invite your friend to your house also.

· Remember to respond to invitations to make planning easy for the host.

· When you see an elderly person or a physically challenged person in need of a seat kindly give up yours.

· Sitting with your feet up on the seats is a sloppy and disgusting habit, people have to sit there and obviously the soles of your shoes really are very dirty.

· Always send thank you notes back to show appreciation for gifts received.

· Don’t eat on public transport is messy and not necessary, the smell of can be quite stomach churning to other passengers.

· Don’t bully other kids, is cowardly and do not let others do it to you, stand up for yourself. 12. By the same token, don't be bullied. Be polite, remember your manners and stand up for yourself.

· Open the door for others. Allow adults to go through first while you hold the door open for them and If you do enter first, don't let the door slam in the face of those behind you.

Etiquette is not always about us but about making people around us comfortable.

Love,
Prisca.
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Tuesday, 28 June 2016


   Photo credit: aviva.co.uk

How often should you deworm yourself

Worm infestation is a very common infection. It is caused by different kinds of worms that can affect humans, such as tapeworms, round worms, pin worm. These worms are parasitic in nature therefore they derive nutrients from their hosts. 

Worm infestation can be contracted very easily unlike many other infections, hence the need for periodic treatment (deworming) together with improvement of water, sanitation, and health education. 

This infection can be contracted through any of these means:


  •  School going children in your family can get you the eggs/larvae of these parasites
  • Walking about on  barefoot
  • Eating under cooked meat of infected animals

  •  Getting a lick from your pet
  •  Swiming in a reservoir or a pool with untreated water,
  •  Not washing your hands thoroughly before eating/preparing food
  •  Eating unwashed vegetables,
  • Drinking untreated drinking water/milk/fluids.

There are various consequences of worm infestation in humans notablely in children. They include:

  •  Internal bleeding which can lead to loss of iron and aenemia;
  •  Malabsorption of nutrients;
  •  Diarrhoea; and
  • Loss of appetite which can lead to a reduction in energy intake, stunted growth.
  • Cognitive impairment as well as tissue damage that may require corrective surgery.

Some of the symptoms of worm infestation include:


  • abdominal pain.
  • colic (cramping and excessive crying in infants)

  •  intestinal cramps.
  •  nausea
  •  fever.
  • blood in your stool.
  •  appetite loss.
  • itchy rash


So the big question is how often should you deworm yourself?

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO)

WHO recommends periodic treatment with anthelminthic (deworming) medicines, without previous individual diagnosis to all at-risk people living in endemic areas.

People at risk are:

  • preschool-aged children
  • school-aged children
  • women of childbearing age (including pregnant women in the second and third trimesters and breastfeeding women)

Treatment should be given once a year when the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infections in the community is over 20%, 

and twice a year when the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infections in the community exceeds 50%. This intervention reduces morbidity by reducing the worm burden.


 In addition:

  • education on health and hygiene reduces transmission and reinfection by encouraging healthy behaviours;
  • provision of adequate sanitation is also important but not always possible in resource-constrained settings.


Finally: A common example of broad spectrum anthelminthic is albendazole. The dose depends on the age of the person using it and it also very affordable.

TIP: To help you remember to deworm yourself and your family members every 6 months, you could use the calendar method. You just draw a circle on the date that you took the last meditation, this should help you remember another one in 6 months time.

There is absolutely no need for you to take these drugs for deworming with sugar or another sweet food.


If you enjoyed the post, kindly share.

Love,
Prisca.
Read also: impact-of-fluid-intake-in-prevention-of urinary tract infections



Reference: www.who.int
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Thursday, 23 June 2016

Common lies Patients tell healthcare professionals





Lemme tell you a story,

Patient X was on a medication, prescribed to be taken every 8 hours for 7 days. After 7 days, there was no significant improvement in his health, this of course made the pharmacist concerned, prompting some investigations into the social and general life of Patient X. The Pharmacist discovered that he was not only skipping his meds but he had a bad drinking habit.



Ask me why this these two discoveries matter? You will find out soon.


I compiled a list of some of the common lies people tell doctors, pharmacists, nurses.

1. Their alcohol use

Patients often lie about the quantity and frequency of their alcohol intake. It is only when you are communicating with patients, that you will find out that everybody only drinks once in a while. All lies.

2. Their blood group.

People are always to quick to say that their blood type doesn’t match a relative or a friend’s own, when they are called upon to donate blood for patients. This is very common due to various religious beliefs and myths about blood donation.

3. Patients always “say someone sent me”.

This is very common when the patient knows that he has contracted a sexually transmitted disease (STDs) .

read-this-and-you-will-never-store condoms in your wallet again

4. Their sex life.

Many people lie about being sexually inactive. This varies from one part of the world to another depending on the people’s perception and orientation towards sex. Some people will swear that they are virgins despite a positive pregnancy result..hmmm.

5. How often they take their medications.

Patients lie about how well they complied to the prescribed medication. Some people don’t even complete the dose of the drug, they stop taking the medication as soon as the symptoms disappears.



My Recommendations

1. You shouldn’t lie about your alcohol use. This knowledge is very important in your treatment because alcohol increases liver enzymes that induces metabolism of the drug. This reduces the amount of time, a drug has to act in your body.

2.There are so many benefits attached to donating blood once in a while. Apart from the joy you derive from knowing that your blood saved a life, you also get a FREE blood analysis..yes and other health benefits. This is done before your blood can be transfused to a patient. For those that are scared that they do not have enough to give others, don’t worry also proper tests are also conducted for this purpose before you can donate blood.

3. I find it very interesting when patients tell me that their friends or brother sent them. They are able to describe all the symptoms very well, what some people don’t know is that pharmacists, doctors and other healthcare professionals also look out for sign languages and could detect when a patient is not being completely honest.

fluid-intake-in-prevention-of recurrent urinary tract infections

You should be rest assured that whatever you discuss with him or her is confidential. If you don’t trust the person enough, you need to find someone you can trust as soon as possible.


4. Telling lies about how you take your medication especially when using antibiotics could make the pharmacist think resistance to the drug has occurred in your body. You might be placed on a new drug regimen but in the long run resistance to these drugs will occur if you do not comply with the prescribed dose and duration of therapy.


Finally,I know that there are a million and one other white and coloured lies we tell our health care professionals but we can’t talk about all of them. The most important thing now is to decide to let go of those lies as those withheld information could kill faster the disease itself.

I want to thank my amazing colleagues, (EMES) for providing me with the information used in writing this article.

Kidly share the post and also subsribe to our newsletter.

Love,
Prisca.
4

Sunday, 19 June 2016



Chronic low fluid intake has a role in the development of urinary system diseases such as urolithiasis, urinary tract infection, chronic kidney disease and bladder cancer.
This post is restricted to the impact of fluid intake in the prevention of urinary tract infection

First of all, lets talk about urinary tract infections. Its causes, prevalence e.t.c

1. Urinary tract infection results from a bacterial contamination of the genitourinary tract.[1]

2. It is prevalent in both men and women of all age groups.

3. Its frequency is about 50 times higher in adult women..More than half of them present with at least one UTI at some stage during their lives.[2]

read also: living-healthy-as-lifestyle-blogger

4. Its common symptoms include difficult, painful and frequent urination, haematuria, supra-pubic pressure.

5.Community acquired UTIs is complicated by the fact that Uti is not a single clinical entity.[3]

6. The presence of asymptomatic bacteriuria has been established as a reliable predictor for the development of symptomatic UTIs.[4]

7. In the US, the prevalence of symptomatic bacteriuria ranges from 5 to 6% in women aged 18- 40 years up to 20% in older, ambulatory adults.

8. Common pathogens implicated in UTIs come from the enteric flora and involve mostly Escherichia coli (>70-95%) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus (<10%).

9. Patients with diabetes, multiple sclerosis or HIV/AIDS, and those with underlying urological abnormalities , are more susceptible to UTIs than the general population.

10. Higher prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria and UTIs has been reported in lower income countries.[5]


Mechanism by which micro organisms attack the urinary tract.

As the bacteria increases in number in the urinary tract, they start to destroy the antimicrobial peptides lining its epithelium, disrupting its integrity1. 
This coupled with other factors, favours bacterial adherence to the epithelium, where once anchored, the pathogens are phagocyted into the cytoplasm of epithelial cells1. Infection occurs when a critical mass is reached, eventually resulting in cell exfoliation. 
Bacterial adherence is therefore an important risk factor for UTIs.

Fluid intake and urinary tract infection risk

The potential role of fluid intake in the prevention of UTIs can be explained by the following factors:

1. Increasing diuresis (urination) has a diluting effect on contaminating bacteria and virulence factors.[6]

2. The flushing effect that occurs with each void, washes out contaminants and cleans the epithelia.

3. Increasing the frequency of voiding has a shrinking effect on the bladder, effectively reducing the available surface area on which bacteria can thrive.

4. Fluid intake helps to maintain optimal urine pH. Low fluid intake is associated with an increase in urine osmolality and acidity. As a consequence, the epithelium is indirectly predisposed to bacterial adhesion, and therefore to an increased risk of UTI.

read also: you-dont-have-to-be-rich-to-have a flawless skin

Therefore, self monitoring of urine osmolality, using either a probe or a urine colour chart, can alert people with recurrent UTIs when they are not drinking enough water. This has been associated with a significant reduction in incidence of UTIs compared with the period in which the probe was not used.



However, given the scarcity and inconsistency of the available experimental and clinical data, it is not possible to draw any firm conclusions on the utility of UTI prevention (primary or secondary) as a basis on which to make recommendations about daily fluid intake.

Kindly share the post, if you enjoyed it and also don't forget to subscribe to our newsletter.

Love,
Prisca.

References

1. Mulvey MA, Schilling JD, Martinez JJ, Hultgren SJ, Bad bugs and beleaguered bladders: interplay between uropathogenic Escherichia coli and innate host defences. PNAS 2000; 8829- 8835.

2. Rahn DD. Urinary tract infections: contemporary management.Urols Nurs 2008; 28: 333-341. (36).

3. Lotan Y, Buendia Jimenez I, Lenoir-Wiijnkoop I, et al. Increased water intake as a prevention strategy for recurrent urolithiasis: major impact of compliance on cost effectiveness. J Urol2013; 189:935- 939; doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.08.254.

4. Hooton TM. Scholes D. Stapelon AE, et al. A prospective study of asymptomatic bacteriuria in sexually active young women. N Engl JMed 2000; 343: 992- 997.

5. Nicolle LE, Bradley S, Colgan R, et al. Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria in adults. Clin Infect Dis 2005; 40: 643-654

6. Beetz R. Mild dehydration: a risk factor of urinary tract infection? Eur J Clin Nutr 2003; 57 (Suppl 2): S52- S58.


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About Me

author You start living when you learn to embrace your imperfections and become the best version of yourself. I am Prisca, a pharmacist and a makeup lover. I also love to read, write, eat good food, and share my knowledge with people. I have always had a thing for lovely makeover, but I had my formal training after my university days. My passion for a confident and healthy lifestyle motivated the creation of this blog. I hope that you can be inspired by what I write, and my posts proffer solutions to our everyday health and beauty challenges. Thank you for joining me as we advocate towards creating a life you really love.